HGVs are undoubtedly one of the key elements that keep our economy moving. They move freight across the country. They transport goods from manufacturers to suppliers, and from businesses to shops and customers. Wherever you look on roads and motorways, you’ll see lots of HGVs moving goods around, day in, day out, all year round. In fact, HGVs are a modern and relatively new invention. Before that, people used small vehicles and even carts and horses to transport goods across the country. Let’s take a closer look into the evolution of freight transport from cpc training for small and rudimentary vehicles to the modern HGVs we now take for granted.
The Lorry Comes From The 1900s
In the early 1900s, driving a truck was a cumbersome and difficult job. As tyres were made from plain rubber, driving a truck was extremely uncomfortable for the driver. Starting with the invention of air-filled tyres, back in 1912, this job became a bit more pleasant. Also ,trucks were able to run faster, thus contributing to speeding up the shipping and delivery process. This apparently minor change was one of the key milestones that have led to the successful HGV industry we witness today.
America also had a big influence on the rise of HGV driving. Back in 1916, The Seattle Chamber of Commerce sponsored a truck driver to travel from Seattle to New York, with the purpose to prove to manufacturers and vendors all over the country that HGVs were a fast and fairly inexpensive way of moving goods across states, cities and areas. This test was meant to show that highways were extremely efficient and those who refused to use them would inevitably fall behind. This trip took the driver 31 days to complete and it was a huge success.
The Illumination Influence Of The 1920s
Cars got electric lights early on, but HGVs didn’t follow this trend until the 1920s when they actually became the norm. Even though this may not seem as a big thing, it was a true revolution in the freight transportation industry. Electric headlights allowed HGV drivers to work by both day and night, and therefore complete their journeys in way less time than before. Since businesses were able to cut on delivery and haulage times, they were able to boost their productivity and their profitability. This increased efficiency led to an increase of the market demand. Fortunately, companies in the haulage industry were able to keep pace with this change.
The fifth wheel for HGVs was also invented in the 1920s. Even though the wheel had already been around for quite a while, it took the innovative mind of an engineer to realize that fitting an HGV with a fifth wheel can tremendously speed up the process of loading and unloading lorries. These two additions, the fifth wheel and the electric headlights, turned HGVs into extremely efficient tools that allowed businesses to grow at an accelerated pace while also keeping tabs on their bottom line.
These major improvements led to a huge increase in demand. This made companies hire more and more HGV drivers and plan more and more routes. Even businesses that previously ignored this development were keen on following in the footprints of the pioneers. This is how the HGV became one of the key pillars of the UK economy. Furthermore, the building of a wide network of roads has led to an even higher demand for HGV drivers. No later than 1930, there were already over 300,000 long-haul HGVs registered in the UK.